For Which People, Doug?


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Today I’m going to stepping away from SCA politics and address real-world politics for a bit. As astute readers of this blog know, I live in the Canadian province of Ontario. Recently, we had a provincial election. The Liberal Party (which isn’t) was ousted from power after fifteen years and the Progressive Conservative Party (they aren’t) took a majority of the seats, and despite looking like they had a chance to form a minority government, the New Democratic Party (founded 57 years ago) became the Loyal Opposition. Sounds like a normal election in a parliamentary democracy, right?

Wrong. A few months before the election, Patrick Brown, the leader of the Ontario PC party, got wrapped up in a sudden sex scandal and abruptly resigned (the cynical might point out that he only resigned because it was made clear that he would be ignominiously turfed out of his position otherwise) and the Ontario PCs had a snap leadership convention. Out of that epic shitstorm Doug Ford emerged as party leader, largely elected on a platform of saying whatever the he thought the voters wanted to hear at any given moment and making backroom deals with the alt-right, evangelical fundamentalist and anti-environmental factions within the party. He ran the election campaign in the same vein, including dogwhistle racism, misogyny and homophobia, nonsensical fiscal policies, the shameless populist pandering (“a-buck-a-beer”, anyone?) and the promise to overturn the provincial health and fitness curriculum because religious conservatives hated they way it taught children the correct names for their own anatomy, introduced the radical concept of “informed consent” and mentioned that LGBTQ people exist without including the words “may God will smite the filthy sinners.”

Mix say-anything demagoguery with voter apathy and an antiquated first-past-the-post electoral system, and voilà, Doug Ford became premier of Ontario with a strong majority government despite having only 40% of the popular vote (and less than 25% of the potential vote, although I find that a much less compelling complaint – if you can’t be bothered to vote, fuck you if you don’t like the results.)

You guys remember Doug Ford? He’s the brother of the late Rob Ford, the infamous “crack-smoking mayor” of Toronto.   Doug is the colder, crueller, less likable brother. The ambitious, scheming, ruthless brother. The “spent the 80s dealing hash but thinks Trudeau can’t be trusted because he smoked weed in college” brother.  The “steal from Rob’s widow and children while using his name to garner sympathy” brother.  You know, the “what rough beast, its hour come round at last, slouching towards Etobicoke to be born?” brother.

That guy.

And now, he’s proven himself the “Do as I say or else” brother, too. Ontario’s municipal election date is coming up fast, and on the very day – almost the very hour – that the registration period was to close, Doug Ford announced that he was introducing Bill 5 to cut the number of wards in Toronto – and therefore the number of city council seats – from 47 to 25. Chaos ensued. People didn’t know if they were registered to run. People didn’t know what the ward boundaries would be. People didn’t know if Bill 5 would even be passed before the election date.

Bill 5 — or the possibility of something like it — had never even been mentioned during the election, and it certainly hadn’t been discussed with Toronto city council. (Several other municipalities, including the Niagara region where I live, were effected, too.) Ford claimed it was being done to “save money” which is bullshit – the combined billing of all the lawyers now involved have probably already soaked up the estimated $25 million in theoretical savings – but his real purpose was blatantly clear: He wanted to gut representation in the progressive centre of Toronto, especially the downtown, as revenge for perceived slights against the Fords while Rob was mayor. (It’s also worth noting that through shameless jerrymandering, the re-drawn ward boundaries disproportionately favour suburban Ford allies on Toronto council.)

This is revenge, ladies and gentlemen. Crude, petty revenge. And Ford’s not even bothering to hide it.

So, of course, Toronto city council took the province to court. And the court, looking objectively at all the facts, condemned Ford’s move as spiteful and petty revenge, stated that it violated the free speech and voting rights of Torontonians, and overturned it. Bill 5 was declared unconstitutional and invalid. Go back to the chalkboard, Dougie, and do it right next time.

And mere hours later, Doug Ford announced that he wouldn’t tolerate the interference of an “activist judge” and would use the Notwithstanding Clause to overturn the court’s decision and pass the unconstitutional bill anyway.

For non-Canadians, the Notwithstanding Clause is part of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (Section 33, specifically) which states “Parliament or the legislature of a province may expressly declare in an Act of Parliament or of the legislature, as the case may be, that the Act or a provision thereof shall operate notwithstanding a provision included in section 2 or sections 7 to 15.” Or in plain English: “The Charter guarantees everyone’s rights, but sometimes the government might decide to override those rights anyway, so here’s a legal backdoor that lets you do that.

It’s the ultimate loophole in Canadian politics. And it is worth noting that in the Canadian system, using Section 33 to enforce unconstitutional legislation is not a small matter. It’s the political equivalent of dropping a nuclear weapon on the law. It’s never done lightly or as a matter of course and it’s universally seen as a huge deal. Politicians have watched dearly-held legislation and pet projects and their own careers go down in flames rather than invoke the Notwithstanding Clause. Even if you get what you want, it’s basically political suicide at the next election because if there’s one things Canadians have traditionally hated, it’s someone who doesn’t play by the rules. I cannot overstate how incredibly reluctant politicians are to invoke the Notwithstanding Clause… in fact, since the Charter was ratified in 1981, this is the first time that it’s been invoked in Ontario.

For Doug Ford to invoke it over a petty revenge plot is mind-boggling.

This has gone way beyond the number of Toronto city councillors, or $25 million in savings, or even jerrymandering the largest municipality in the country for the benefit of the conservative party. $25 million in savings for a city of three million people is a joke. The city of Toronto — not the GTHA, the city of Toronto, that area bordered by the 427, the 407 and Pickering Townline Road — spends more than that removing snow from the roads in any given month in any given winter. The entire Greater Toronto-Hamilton Area can spend that much on snow removal for a single snowstorm. $25 million is a trivial amount of money when measured against Toronto’s $11.12 billion (with a B!) annual budget. This is not about money. This has never been about the money. This is about Doug Ford using the office of Premier to punish people he thinks have wronged him.

And now, it’s increasingly clear, it’s about Doug Ford’s control of the Ontario PC party. This is a loyalty test. He’s trying to determine whether his control of the notoriously fractious PC party is strong enough, and whether his base will support such extreme moves. And I’m sorry to say it looks like Doug Ford is winning on both those fronts. Despite his public assurances that it was a “free vote”, not a single Conservative MPP opposed invoking the Notwithstanding Clause in the vote on Wednesday. Not one. Judging by the online glee and gloating from the Ford Nation types, Ford’s base loves the way he’s sticking it to the “downtown liberal elites.”

(As near as I can tell, “downtown liberal elites” is coded conservative language for “homos, hippies, brown people, immigrants, anyone with a better education than us, people who know what kombucha is and other progressive scum who disagree with our agenda of funneling public money into the pockets of the rich.”)

Doug Ford is riding high right now. He’s got what he wanted, which is revenge on Toronto city council. He’s got a party either too weak or too afraid to stand up to him. He’s got a base of enthusiastic supporters who’re queuing up with ideas for the next nuclear strike on Canadian law.

Because Doug Ford has already announced planning on using Section 33 again whenever he feels its necessary. Fuck law, fuck tradition, fuck the constitution. He’s going to do what he wants, when he wants it and how he wants it, and nobody can stop him.

And if you’re a progressive in this province, if you’re an LGBTQ person or even if you just like having breathable air, then that’s a very frightening thing.  Ford himself clearly has no morality or conscience and he owes favours to people who don’t particularly care about fair play. The religious fundamentalists who support Ford are already demanding he start ponying up “religious freedom” legislation (aka “anti-LGBTQ” laws) that will absolutely require Section 33 in order to be passed; the alt-right are pushing for anti-immigration legislation (read “keep the brown people out” laws) that will require overriding the Charter; there’s a lot of real estate developers in the GTA that want those pesky greenbelt laws overturned so they can harvest the timber and pave over the fields and charge everyone for clean drinking water trucked in from less polluted municipalities; and of course Ford is already careening toward a showdown with the big unions that will require so-called “right to work” legislation (aka “union busting” laws) to win, which are unconstitutional… and now Ford sees a way around that problem.

Doug Ford promised a government “for the People.”  That was his campaign slogan:  FORD For The People.   It was one of the many lies he told during his campaign.  Doug Ford is a very nasty politician beholden to some very nasty interests – and he doesn’t care. And why would he? Paying his political debts will only require hurting queers and immigrants and environmentalists and unions… people who don’t vote for him anyway. People who actively oppose him.

People – it’s becoming increasingly clear – who aren’t really people to him.

Let’s hope there’s enough of us to resist Ford’s anti-People agenda for the next four years… and let’s hope we all show up and vote during the next election.


The Price of the Dream



Despite my best intentions, I slowed down my writing schedule this past week due to a death in the family and the accompanying duties and responsibilities which stem from that… a sad reality that I’m sure everyone understands. That’s been my week. I’ve been coping with the family stuff as it comes. The usual silver linings of funerals apply, of course – reconnecting with family and friends that have drifted apart and a renewed commitment to strengthening those bonds, and so forth – but it’s emotionally exhausting work, which hasn’t left me much space for non-family thinking or reflection.

The timing of the funeral, unfortunately, coincided with Ealdormere’s Feast of the Bear event, which I was very much hoping to attend this year. It’s an event with some happy memories for me: Ten years ago I messed up my back spending the afternoon bent over a too-low sink doing dishes and used the resulting muscle pain to cajole a back-rub out of a young lady from our canton; not only was my back fixed, but some ice was broken which I’d wanted broken for more than a year and that led to coffee, then to dinner, and then a movie, and then… well, eventually a wedding proposal and, in a couple of weeks, five years of marriage.

Still, even with the emotional stuff I’ve been keeping physically busy in the shop, such as putting a lot of work into getting my armour-refurbishing project finished and doing a number of other small jobs (including repainting my shield), and I’m finally working my way back into a headspace where writing can happen. But the other reason I haven’t posted is that I can’t seem to get a post together on the subject I wanted to write about.

I’ve been involved in a number of online discussions about the current state of the SCA and the need for Kingdoms and Baronies to make a public statements of inclusivity. Part of that involvement has been responding to discussions around my previous post Words and Deeds, in which I frankly tried to skew positive. (No, seriously.) In that post I’d rebutted a number of phrases that I’ve been hearing during the various discussions reverberating throughout the SCA. But I deliberately didn’t rebut one statement I’ve seen again and again, during discussions online about inclusivity and equity in the SCA, and particularly the question of whether or not people in racist and homophobic organizations should be allowed to participate. I figured it needed it’s own rebuttal, which I’ve been trying (unsuccessfully) to write.

Before we can address this particular statement, though, I think I need to define the operative word so that we’re all on the same page. And that word is “bigot.” Let’s define bigot.

I’ve always gone with the definition that blogger Doug Muder gave in his excellent article You Don’t Have to Hate Anbody to Be A Bigot: “Bigotry is not the same as hate. Bigotry just means believing that certain groups of people do not deserve the same kind of consideration you want for yourself. Their suffering and distress doesn’t count, or they must have brought it on themselves in some obscure way. You don’t have to hate those people any more than you hate your dog when you keep him penned in your yard, or hate your children when you make them eat something they hate.

(Seriously, read Doug Muder’s article. The specific examples he cites are a few years old, but the whole thing has a timeless relevance that really does apply.)

So that’s the definition that we’ll be using: A bigot is someone who believes that certain groups of people do not deserve the same kind of consideration as themselves. Bigotry exists, in my opinion, when it’s directed at groups who have no control over whether they’re in a group, whether it’s by virtue of their ethnicity, skin colour, sexual orientation, gender expression, disability or… well anything you can’t control. (For example, being prejudiced against Detroit Pistons fans isn’t great but it’s not bigotry: You can choose not to be a Pistons fan; you can’t choose not to be black, or gay, or disabled, and so on.)

And that’s relevant to the statement I keep seeing in online discussions about bigotry in the Society. That statement is “I don’t care if they’re a bigot, as long as they keep it out of the SCA.”

Let’s unpack that. First, there’s an incredible, shocking amount of privilege in the words “I don’t care if they’re a bigot…”

Really? They don’t care? How can they not care?

I’ve done some serious thinking about this and I’ve come to the dismaying conclusion that they don’t care because the bigots aren’t being bigots to them. And that horrifies me. It’s an implicit acknowledgement that someone has decided they can afford not to care unless they’re the victim… and so by extension they simply refuse to care if other people are victimized as long as it isn’t them.

That’s a stunning failure of empathy and an appalling abdication of responsibility. And it is contrary to every principle and ideal that the Society for Creative Anachronism should stand for. We’re supposed to be about chivalry and courtesy and the Middle Ages As They Should Have Been. We’re supposed to be standing up to defend the weak and vulnerable. We’re supposed to live up to the ideals of chivalry, no matter what colour our belts are now or will be or even what colour they never will be. From the bottom to the top, that’s what we’re supposed to be doing.

That’s the Dream. That the SCA is be a place that accepts everyone and holds them to a higher, more romantic standard than that of our tawdry everyday existence and rewards them for it. That’s what brings people into the SCA and what keeps them here and what will keep this community alive long into the future.

I honestly don’t understand anyone who can come out to the SCA and wear the clothes and sing the songs and not understand that’s what we’re supposed to be aiming for, whether they’re the bigots themselves or merely making excuses for them.

Which brings us to the second part of that statement: “…as long as they keep it out of the SCA.” So… they’d be comfortable associating with KKK members, provided the white hoods are left at home? You’re fine if someone spends every other weekend wearing swastika armbands as long as they’re not putting it on the trim of their garb? As long as their Tudor-era ruff covers up the SS-rune tattoos?

Okay, those are extreme examples I’m using to make my rhetorical point. Of course no compassionate person would tolerate those things… but when it’s less egregious than that, they do tolerate these things. We seem to tolerate people in the Society whose Facebook profiles are full of racist anti-immigrant memes, or who make sexist and misogynistic jokes, or who’ve disowned their own kids for being gay. I’ve watched all these things happen. I’ve seen it. And otherwise good people are arguing we should give these appalling people a pass because “they’re not doing it in the SCA.” And we should let it happen because unless we tolerate it we’re being Thought Police, and being “just as bad as them.”

Fuck. That. Noise.

Let’s leave aside the moral cowardice of turning a blind eye to racism, homophobia and misogyny and look at the hard reality: They’re not keeping it out of the SCA.

In a thousand tiny ways, a bigot is going to bring their bigotry into our hobby. They’ll shun non-whites. They’ll make LGBTQ people feel uncomfortable. They’ll passively push people out of the hobby by not speaking in support of someone who’s earned an award, or withholding their knowledge and experience from minorities, or simply by declining to offer help and support because they don’t trust certain groups of people. They’ll argue against minority players in a peerage or polling order meeting in the guise of being the devil’s advocate. On the list field they’ll ramp up hit calibration for opponents with a Bluefeather badge or a woman in armour. They’ll trash-talk queer people behind their backs whether there’s any truth to it or not. They’ll display dog-whistle symbols and use coded language to make sure that people like them — and only people like them — are included. And so on and so on and so on.

The notion that they’ll “keep it out of the SCA” is so absurdly credulous that I can’t even take it seriously. There’s no such thing as a part-time bigot.

When someone says “I don’t care if they’re a bigot as long as they keep it out of the SCA” you know what they’re really saying? They’re really saying “I don’t care if they’re a bigot as long as they keep it low-key enough for me to conveniently ignore it.”

And right now I can’t encounter that level of apathy, hyprocrisy and cowardice and without going into a serious rage. How do we respond to someone who says that? How do we get through to them? I’m genuinely asking. I genuinely need to know. This is what I’ve had trouble writing about: How do we address the fallacy that bigots are welcome as long as they’re not actively being bigots in our hobby?

I’m writing this knowing that I’m emotionally raw and fragile, and knowing that certain people – people whom I know – will see it as being called out. And let’s face it – if they feel that way then it’s because that’s the case. I wanted to end this piece with constructive criticism and some useful advice on how to shake people out of this attitude and I can’t seem to come up with anything — I just froth and foam at the keyboard and write scornful invective. (I’ve actually gone over this piece a couple of times and toned down the invective, by the way. The rough draft is pretty sweary, even by my standards.)  And so I’m calling people out instead of being constructive.

Fortunately, when I raised this point in a forum I’m involved with, another member made a valid point that I can adapt to wrap this post up. They said something along the lines that the only way we can combat bigotry in the Society – whether the overt and open bigotry of a tiny minority or the more covert bigotry of a sadly not as tiny minority is this: All well-meaning people in the SCA must stand up against it. We cannot depend on the entity which is the 501-3(c) Corporation of The Society for Creative Anachronism Inc to be able to do something about it, because frankly it can’t. It’s simply outside the ability of an organization to legislate morality.

But the SCA isn’t just a corporation. And, in fact, I would argue – as I have been these many weeks – that the SCA isn’t even primarily an incorporation. It’s a community. And we have to make it clear that bigotry – however overt or covert it might be – has no place in our community. We have to start applying that pressure… and some people might have to begin by applying it internally. It might be tough… but it’s a worthy effort. People can change.

And as for being called out… one of the people who made that statement “I don’t care if they’re bigots as long as they keep it out of the SCA” was the same person who, a few days later, came up with the point I used above regarding the inability of an organization to legislate morality and the necessity of all well-meaning people in the SCA standing against bigotry. They were able to look at the statement they’d made, realize that it was wrong and badly expressed and in bad form.   They learned from their mistake and admitted to it and continued to contribute constructively.  I respect that.  I respect it profoundly.

I do care if someone’s a bigot. And I care even if it’s happening where I can’t easily see it, even if it’s happening outside the Society itself. And we need, as a community, to send the message that everyone is welcome in the Society for Creative Anachronism… as long as they choose to welcome everybody. That’s the price for sharing the Dream: To earn your place, you have to share it with everyone; refuse and you default on your seat at the table.

I extend that consideration to all and expect to be given the same consideration in return. No more, no less.

Lord Fulk Beauxarmes


Shield Painting project

“In good faith,” said Sir Launcelot, “that knight is my fellow, and him I shall rescue, or else I shall lose my life for him.”

–Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Chap XLVII

Words and Deeds



In the wake of the Society for Creative Anachronism’s Revised Mission Statement — published last week with a shift in the language to a much broader focus than merely concentrating on “Western Europe and its cultural contacts” — there has been a fair amount of discussion online about the meaning and intent of the shift, and what it will mean for the Society, and of course a fair bit of resistance to the change from some people.

When the changed language was announced, I made my opinion clear on this blog: Expanding the Society to have a broader focus and be more inclusive of non-white players is a triumph. There is no good reason to artificially limit a broad-based reenactment organization like the SCA to an ill-defined era and region which serves – however unintentionally — to exclude non-whites from participating.

The SCA has a diversity problem. Part of that problem stems from the fact that, frankly, for the last fifty years the SCA has been focused on a relatively narrow vision of history; one which appeals to people of white European descent and somewhat less so to people of colour. In its most extreme form there is a real concern that the SCA’s European focus (like that of other medievalist organizations) can be and has been co-opted by white supremacists and other bad actors to support a racist political agenda. But for the most part, and judging from many of the reactions I’ve seen over the past few days, the vast majority of SCAdians don’t intend to exclude anybody and are shocked and hurt when it’s suggested that we have.

But… we built a system that excludes certain people. Unintentionally. Unthinkingly. But we did.  It’s there.

As an example, when I lived in the Canton of Petrea Thule we deliberately had our summer fight practices in city parks in order to encourage recruitment. And it worked: we had a couple of new members join specifically because they were out for a walk and saw a bunch of guys in armour in the park on a Wednesday night (when I was canton seneschal one of those people was my exchequer – these weren’t just casual players.)

But imagine you’re a person of colour, an African- or Asian-Canadian or a member of the First Nations, or a new immigrant; the guys in armour would still be interesting and catch your attention and when you asked about it you’d be told “We’re an organization that recreates the skills and culture of Medieval Europe.” Cool. That’s cool. But… what’s there for you? It’s white people doing white people things. And you’d walk on. No one has told you you can’t join and there’s certainly no reason you couldn’t… but why would you? There’s just not a whole lot for you to connect with.

I’ve seen a few people online lament that the change in the mission statement will “ruin” the SCA’s “medieval European character” or destroy their enjoyment of “the medieval ambience” of SCA events. My response to that is one word: Tuchuxs. We already tolerate massively ahistorical personas in our midst, why would having historical but non-European personas be a problem? Hell, here in Ealdormere we have a very active household of people who simply identify as “The Barbarians” who have no apparent interest in historicity at all; they rivet bits of steel to leather and fur, spray-paint their “sigil” on all their gear, drink heartily, fight enthusiastically and generally have a rip-roaring good time. If their completely ahistoric presentation doesn’t harsh anyone’s medieval vibe, why should households of medieval Indian or Cambodian or Tibetan reenactors? Why would medieval Chinese personas? Why would medieval African or Native American personas?

As a bit of an aside, a more broadly-inclusive Society doesn’t mean that we can’t hold specific events that have a tight focus. A few years ago at Late Winter Shoot, Ealdormere’s annual archery event, we adopted a Japanese theme encouraging people to make medieval Japanese garb and presenting an amazing Japanese feast which is still being talked about. Ealdormere also has an event every two years called “Icelandic Althing” which is specifically Norse – all players are encouraged to garb and armour as Norse for this late-autumn camping event, and it’s always fun and interesting… as well a teaching moment as to why wool was such an important medieval textile (sleeping outdoors on the last weekend in October is cold.) Likewise, there are a number of specifically 14th-century Deeds of Arms (most notably the Combat of the Thirty at Pennsic) where participants are required to present a very high standard of 14th century kit and garb. I’d love to see more such focused events from an even wider range of medieval periods and cultures, including African or Asian or Native American ones. The more diverse we become, the more likely that will happen.

In changing the language of our mission statement, the SCA has removed a major roadblock to addressing our diversity problem. But it’s important to recognize that our diversity problem remains.

One of the things that’s happened repeatedly over the last few months, partly as a result of the Trimaris Controversy, is that a number of SCA branches have issued statements of inclusion lately, including most recently a public statement from the united Peerages of An Tir reaffirming their commitment to diversity and inclusion.

One of the Facebook groups I belong to is a discussion forum on SCA Inclusion, Diversity and Equity. Several members have noted they’ve seen a number of such statements published recently but that they’ve also seen pushback from people in the Peerage Orders, with phrases like “words not deeds”, “let’s focus on the good stuff”, “no modern politics in my game” or “no one will really care if we make a statement.” I’ve seen a lot of similar statements myself and to be frank I’ve got little patience for those doing the pushing-back.

By all means, let’s focus on the good stuff. I’ve recently done that myself on this blog as a response to the all controversy and as a way to remind myself what we’re fighting for. But focusing on the good doesn’t mean we can ignore the bad: the first step in fixing problems is acknowledging they exist; the mere existence of problems doesn’t invalidate the things we love.

As for the often-expressed opinion that there should be no modern politics in our game, I have the same response to that sentiment that I have to the notion that we shouldn’t be discussing things on social media: Good fucking luck. It’s there. It’s going to be there. Wishing it were otherwise is just that – wishing. And if you wrap yourself up in wishful thinking you’re ignoring the reality that modern politics does impact this organization simply because we live in the world. Our hobby as an escape from the modern world is all well and good but there’s no honour in self-delusion… especially while people are getting hurt.

No one will care if we make a statement? That’s just false. People do care. I care. If you’re in a position where you don’t care or actively resent that we need to make that statement then it’s time to take a hard look at yourself and your privilege. The SCA as a whole, every Kingdom, and every Barony and Shire and Canton within them ought to be making public statements supporting diversity and equity in our Society. We need to send a message to our own membership as well as to the world at large that the SCA is an organization where everyone is welcome, and where bigotry, homophobia and racism aren’t tolerated. I can barely understand – and certainly can’t respect — why this is a problem for some people: It’s an easy step in the right direction. It costs us nothing.

And if a public statement supporting inclusion and diversity and rejecting bigotry outrages some SCAdians to the point that they’ll quit the organization in protest… well, good. We’ve apparently discovered a cheap source of asshole-repellent.

Words not deeds? Words are deeds. We’ve built imaginary Kingdoms were we fight and play and research and labour. Ultimately, all we have are words. I don’t dispute that we need to practice what we preach, to put action to ideals, but the first step is articulating the ideal. We have rejected words that turned people away, let us now adopt words what will welcome people – in all their diversity and uniqueness – to a bigger, more inclusive Society for Creative Anachronism.

Lord Fulk Beauxarmes

A Victory for the SCA



Last night with a couple of friends I popped across the border to the Rhydderich Hael fight practice; while I wasn’t in armour (my armouring project will, I hope, be finished this long weekend) I had an excellent time finding the site, meeting new people, and generally hanging out. They had more than a dozen heavy fighters in harness and almost as many fencers; clearly this is a practice that I should be making an effort to get to as often as possible.

Not that it was much of an effort – the practice site is less than an hour’s drive from my place, and in fact closer to me than the Ben Dunfirth fight practice here in Ealdormere, which is the next-closest practice at the moment. Crossing the border was relatively hassle-free as well, we had more delays due to construction at the Peace Bridge than at the border itself. All in all, it was a good experience and a great night.

And when I got home shortly before midnight, it got even better. I’d turned off my data roaming when I crossed the border because I don’t have an international roaming plan (it still seems weird sometimes that “thirty kilometres” equals “international” now that we live in the Niagara) so I didn’t get the news until I got home, but the Society for Creative Anachronism published a Revised Mission Statement yesterday evening.

In July, the Board of Directors published an updated Mission Statement with the language “The SCA is devoted to the research and re-creation of pre-seventeenth century skills, arts, combat, and culture, focused on Western Europe and its cultural contacts, and employing knowledge of history to enrich the lives of participants through events, demonstrations, and other educational presentations and activities.

Sounds good, right? Well, no.

The wording “focused on Western Europe and its cultural contacts” is problematic; explicitly placing the focus on Western Europe implies the exclusion of non-European cultures, or at least the requirement that we only view them through a European lens. While I doubt very much that the Board of Directors intended to exclude or disenfranchise anyone, it inadvertently did just that: People of colour, non-Europeans of all backgrounds and even those who were simply interested in more than European medievalism were all left out of the big picture.

This, of course, generated some pushback, especially #OperationAvalanche, organized by Lord Stelios Amenophis Onuris (who gained some notoriety this summer as the SCA Black Panther for his amazing functional fighting kit inspired by the Marvel movie) and I’m pleased to report that, thanks largely to the efforts of Lord Stelios and those who supported him, the new Revised Mission Statement now omits the problematic phrase and simply states “The SCA is devoted to the research and re-creation of pre-seventeenth century skills, arts, combat, culture, and employing knowledge of history to enrich the lives of participants through events, demonstrations, and other educational presentations and activities.

I know there are some who were dismissive of this effort as unnecessary or pointless or merely symbolic, but frankly I think it was very necessary. Words matter. Symbolism matters. Representation matters. By focusing on Western Europe there was the implication that non-Europeans don’t matter.

Once again, let me be clear: I’d be extremely shocked if anyone on the BoD ever intended to exclude non-Europeans. But that exclusion has occurred in the SCA, however unintentionally. If you’re focused on Western Europe, you’re simply going to get a lot of people of European ancestry interested in the group and you’re not going to get a lot of people with African ancestry, or Asian ancestry, or Native American ancestry or so on. And why would you? People do historical reenactment because it’s interesting and it makes them feel a link to the past. And very often, that link is a profoundly personal one – you’re doing what your ancestors would have done.

I know that’s a big part of the appeal for me.

This morning in the SCA, with that restriction removed, we’re casting a far wider net for reenactment and recruitment. If a SCAdian wants to explore the medieval-era cultures of central- and southern-Africa, there’s no reason they can’t, or shouldn’t: the Shilluk, the Sao, the Kanem-Bornu… how many European-focused re-enactors have even heard of these civilizations? (Not me – I had to Google them in order to write that paragraph… and now will be spending my afternoon reading up on them because I’m just that kind of nerd.) What if you’re interested in China during the Five Dynasties period, or the myriad brawling kingdoms and empires of medieval India? Or maybe you want to research the people who built Angkor Wat? Or want to learn about the Cahokia civilization here in North America, which reached its peak at the same time as Europeans were fighting the Crusades? And so on and so on; by placing an arbitrary limitation on where we recreate history, vast and fascinating swathes of human culture were being excluded.

But no more.

I applaud the BoD for realizing that they had inadvertently placed a limitation on how we play and who we play with, and for removing that restriction as quickly as they have done. I also salute Lord Stelios and all those who worked to bring this problem to the Board’s attention.

This is a win-win-win situation as far as I’m concerned: People saw a problem and brought it to the BoD in a respectful manner; the BoD addressed the problem with celerity; and the SCA is stronger and more inclusive than ever because of it. With the removal of a eight simple words, a completely arbitrary – and frankly artificial — restriction has been lifted from the Society has made the SCA a much bigger playground.

It’s been a rough summer for a lot of people in the SCA. There’s more work to be done, but this is a victory. Let’s acknowledge that, and celebrate it.

Lord Fulk Beauxarmes

Finding A Way Forward for the SCA


After a couple of weeks of controversy, of the fallout from my writing going viral, of debate both on- and off-line, I want to shift gears a little on my criticisms of the Society for Creative Anachronism. More than one person has written me and asked how we can effect the change we want to see in the Society and I’m starting to feel like that’s what I need to focus on now. That the SCA has problems is, frankly, self-evident. That it’s worth fighting for is, despite some pessimistic “nuke it from orbit” comments by disaffected former SCAdians, also self-evident.

What needs to be done to move forward has been – and continues to be – the subject of considerable discussion across the Society’s social media sphere. There are sub-categories of discussion: the recently updated Mission Statement and whether the language used unintentionally disenfranchises non-European players; the ongoing controversy in Trimaris and the #IStandWithDavius response; the growing threat of white supremacist subversion of historical reenactment groups; to name a few. There are other concerns, of course, and they are serious, but it’s my belief that the essential foundation at the base all of these issues is a serious problem that I identified in an earlier post: The SCA’s processes of justice are broken and therefore the Society doesn’t provide a safe space for all it’s participants.

The SCA isn’t perfect. It’s never going to be perfect. But if there’s one thing the current moment shows, it’s that the mechanisms in place to correct existing errors aren’t working. They are ineffective, hopelessly complicated and opaque to the point of inaccessibility. And because of that people are leaving the SCA, or simply not getting involved in the first place. That’s a slow death sentence for any organization.

So… how do we fix the processes of justice? How do we provide a safe space?

There are, essentially, three layers to this:

At the very top is the whole of the Society as administered by the Board of Directors. The BoD is a big damn gun, and its not suitable to cope with the little stuff.  For one thing, they don’t have time.  But the BoD is also the only structure which can boot problem players out of the SCA.  And for whatever reason, they’re reluctant to do that, which means that there’s little to no incentive for problematic behaviour to stop.

The BoD needs to review the current procedures in place to see why they aren’t functioning as intended. Where necessary, policies need to be modernized and brought into conformity with current applications of civil law and criminal liability. Hell, the SCA may need to hire in outside legal consultants to whip our policies and bylaws into shape. And yes, I know I just called for an expensive and multi-year systemic review of the very foundations of our organization. I believe that review is not only necessary but critical. Without such a review we’re in a position of astonishing legal liability; without a smoothly functioning system of complaint and redress it’s only a matter of time before the SCA is found complicit in someone bad actor’s illegal activity for failing to do enough to prevent it. Or rather, found complicit again: The SCA recently survived a hideously expensive legal settlement by the merest skin of our teeth. We simply cannot afford another such situation, financially or morally.

I am not, let me be clear, claiming the BoD is unaware of this need. In fact, the recent series of updates to various SCA policies, especially the policy on harassment and bullying, are no doubt a reaction to the present shortcomings of our organization’s framework. What I’m saying is that half-measures aren’t going to be enough and I hope that the BoD recognizes that real, fundamental structural reform is going to be required. It’s going to suck and I’m sorry about that. But it needs doing.

In the short term, I personally think that Board of Directors also has to make a strong public statement of inclusivity and zero-tolerance for white supremacy and hate speech (similar to a recent statement made by SCA Ltd. Australia, which is a separate legal entity from SCA Inc.) Such a statement is as much symbolic as practical, but I think that even a symbolic statement is important. People need to know where the BoD and the Society as a whole stands… and we need it to stand on the side of equality, inclusiveness, and diversity, especially in the current climate of crisis triggered by the Trimaris Controversy.

The next level down, and where a lot of the real work is going to need to be done, is by the twenty individual Kingdoms of the Society. As has been observed, it’s at the Kingdom level that problems should be resolved before they go up to the Board of Directors. At least in most cases. So I’m proposing that Kingdom procedures ought to be reviewed and clarified by Kingdom officers and, as necessary, brought into compliance with civil law and liability. Moreover, each Kingdom’s complaint and grievance procedures need to be reworked for efficiency and transparency and — most importantly — to give them some teeth that doesn’t require BoD intervention.

As a specific example, I made a point of looking up the laws of the Kingdom of Ealdormere, which are available in the “Library” of our Kingdom’s Webpage. (Although, In some ways using Ealdormere as an example is problematic, since because we have the office of Lawspeaker, we’re an atypical Kingdom in how we enforce our laws.) In Ealdormere is no clearly marked “grievance policy” or “conflict resolution” document, either in the library or elsewhere on the website. It took a bit of digging, but the Kingdom’s conflict resolution policy is found on the Laws of the Kingdom of Ealdormere PDF under General Operating Procedures, Section 4 Courts of Justice; Paragraph 4.2.1: “According to section IX-702 of the Laws of the Kingdom of Ealdormere “The Lawspeaker shall investigate concerns brought before him/her and mediate disputes as required”. This investigation and mediation are the first steps in the formal process of complaint and reconciliation in Ealdormere.”

Talk to the Lawspeaker and she’ll sort it out. That’s Ealdormere’s policy, unless something is obviously criminal in which case it goes to the civil law enforcement, or the Society’s own policy takes over (SCA Organizational Handbook Section X Grievances and Sanctions, which boot things back up to the top tier and is handled through the Senechal’s office, not the Lawspeaker.)

Look, Ealdormere’s Lawspeaker position is a good idea, and it’s all very hands-on and holistic and of course there’s a bunch of procedures in Section 4 about how the Lawspeaker should attempt to mediate disputes and the process for escalating to a Court of Inquiry with an eventual SCA-level “sanctions” option (booting it back up to the BoD again) but frankly as a non-lawyer I have to say that this doesn’t look like a timely method of addressing anything but an argument between equals who are willing to sit down at a table.

I’m not saying this to disparage the Kingdom Lawspeaker, who is a friend and who’s been working diligently and compassionately within the framework provided, but… this is not a grievance policy, this is a mediation policy.  It assumes that everyone wants to work together. It does not assume disparities levels of power nor does it accommodate the existence of vengeful trolls who just want to watch the world burn. And while it’ll probably function well for sorting out “Hey! You took over our canton’s traditional camping space at Trillium War” I have the sinking feeling it breaks down pretty damned quickly in the face of “Five years ago I was raped at an SCA event.

This is not a trivial concern, or a frivolous statement, or even a theoretical situation. I’m not saying this for the shock value, okay? These are the issues of safety that we have to address. I’ve mentioned before on this blog that for weeks now people have been sending me their personal horror stories of racism and homophobia and sexual harassment and even rape in the SCA. Some are from decades ago. Some are more recent. We can’t change the past, but we need to set up sustainable systems where, should these incidents occur in the future, they can be dealt with in the confidence that they won’t be repeated.

I can’t speak for other Kingdoms (and how do they address problems at a Kingdom level without a Lawspeaker?) but as an Ealdormerean I’d like to see Ealdormere take up a leadership role in developing a robust grievance and complaint procedure that both protects victims and addresses issues for positive change.  It needs to function at the Kingdom level to fill the gap before having to call in the BoD.  It needs to carry the authority to boot out bad actors, at least pending appeal to the BoD.  It needs to accommodate the fact that all people involved may not be working for an equitable resolution. It needs to address and codify how to respond to problem behaviour in a way that promotes the safety and security of all who participate in the SCA. And unfortunately, it’s going to need a very clearly defined section on how to address historical abuses.

And again, this is much easier said than done, but it needs doing.

There are other things I think we can do in this Kingdom on a more short-term basis. Right off the bat, and just like the Society as a whole, I think the Kingdom ought to publish an official statement of inclusivity. Just so people know where we stand. Next I think we need to put together a document – immediately — clarifying the current procedure on how to bring a complaint to the Lawspeaker and what the process will be. We write it in plain, concise and specific language and then we put it up on the Kingdom website with a great big link directing people to it. And when we fix the procedures, we update it.

One of the better suggestions that was made by a non-SCA friend of mine on Facebook was that all people stepping up to hold SCA offices should be required to take a workshop on diversity and anti-oppression. I think that’s an excellent idea and there are any number of organizations who can do it. That’s not to say that people who step up to offices are deliberately oppressing people but I took one of these workshops through OPIRG years ago when I was a student activist in Peterborough, and it helped me understand the myriad unintentional ways we disempower others, especially those in vulnerable sections of society (and as a white cis male, there were a lot of things that I didn’t even realize I was doing; it was a humbling experience to put it mildly.) There are OPIRG chapters at pretty much every university in this province, so we ought to be able to organize something pretty easily. Formal training in conflict resolution, both generally and in an SCA-specific context, would also be a good idea… and might serve to head off drama in the future.

And finally, the bottom, baseline, foundational level that we need to look at is the personal one. This is in some ways the easiest, and in other ways the hardest, level to address because this is all about taking personal responsibility.

First, get yourself educated on your rights and responsibilities as a member of the SCA and as a citizen of your mundane country. As I noted above, it’s not necessarily easy to do that and as an organization we ought be making it easier for our members, but easy or hard, you have to educate yourself. Period. We can write a new policy on complaints and how to access the process, but you as a participant need to take the time and read it and be informed before something happens.

Second, you need to become educated on problem behaviour. If someone makes an online post that is objectionable, or makes a racist joke at an event, or throws out a homophobic epithet, then you have to understand and to recognize what is happening. As an example, I was told about (but haven’t been able to verify) an alleged incident in the States where someone put a sonnenrad on their SCA shield and it was several weeks or months before people correctly identified it as a neo-Nazi symbol; apparently one of the statements the person in question as his defense was “well, nobody’s complained about it until now.” Understanding problem behaviour also includes understanding how trolling, gaslighting and dog-whistling work, and how these are deliberately employed tactics used by some pretty nasty people.

Third, look at yourself honestly. We’re all products of our environment, and speaking for myself until I was nineteen my environment was monochromatic, very catholic, and deeply rural. I literally did not know half the stupid shit I was doing until I was called out on it, and sometimes more than once… and I still do stupid, problematic shit sometimes. It sucks to have someone tell you “excuse me” and then explain why you’re a being an asshole, even when they do it politely. Your job is to listen when someone says that to you, and then do them the courtesy of considering whether they’re right. And if you find that yes, they are, that you’ve committed a problematic act however unintentionally… then you need to stop, you need to apologize and you need to consciously decide not to do that again.

Fourth – and this is the scary one – you have to commit, personally commit, to confronting racism, bigotry, misogyny, homophobia and other problem behaviours wherever and whenever you see it in the SCA. Not every incident is going to be best resolved through some formal process, but neither should they be let go. So if you see something, you need to have the courage to step up and address it. Politely. Respectfully. But firmly and without apology. There are lots of resources online on how best to do this. We also have to acknowledge that there are people of good intention who are simply ignorant of bad behaviours, whether their their own or others. This is why approaching any problematic situation with initial courtesy and politeness is so important. We want, for those of good intent, to create teachable moments. If you’re at an event and someone disparages something as “gay”, then speak to the person – in the moment – and say “Excuse me, I’m not sure you meant it that way, but using gay as a pejorative term is actually homophobic; we have LGBTQ people in our group and how do you think that would make them feel?” Chances are pretty good that they’ll be embarrassed, not realizing that what they said was objectionable. (And of course if they’re not, there’s always the option to escalate to impolite as necessary.) Handled correctly, these will be small incidents – and they’ll stay small incidents – but eventually they’ll build up and lead to real change. We need a groundswell of people doing this.

Also, if you see someone else stepping up to confront these situations, back them up. Way too may people in the SCA assume that “someone else” will handle it. There isn’t anyone else. There’s just us.

And again, I’m going to admit… there have been times when I’ve let stuff slide that I knew I shouldn’t have, because it was easier to let it go. Or because I was afraid of the consequences if I confronted someone, especially if that someone had a belt or a title or a household backing them up. I’ve been doing a lot of thinking about it over the past few weeks. I understand that it’s difficult. I understand that it’s frightening. I even understand that there are people and issues that some folks can’t address because of their fear and discomfort… and because that fear and discomfort is entirely warranted.

I’m writing from a position of extreme privilege – I’m a big, scary, straight-looking white guy who hits people with swords; I fully acknowledge that a person of colour, or a woman, or an LGBTQ person (especially a trans person), or a rape survivor, or any number of other folks for any number of reasons are not going to be able to stand up in every circumstance. Nor should we expect them to – among other things this is a safety issue, and for many people safety is a real and overriding concern.

But those of us who can stand up, must stand up. This is “Active Activism” and it is necessary in the SCA as never before. There are, without a doubt, people of bad intention among us; they cannot be allowed to subvert the SCA to a bad end. We need to make it clear that such behaviour is unacceptable and unwelcome. Sometimes this is really straightforward: “If you joined the SCA because you want to play in an imaginary time when Original Aryan Sovereigns were in charge and you can kill all the Jews and Muslims because white supremacy/racial holy war/something-something neo-Nazi gazpacho, then there’s the fucking door. We don’t want you here. Don’t come back.”  And yeah, that’s scary to say to someone, especially someone who’s unlikely to respond calmly when you tell them to take their swastikas for a hike. Active activism is a scary thing to do. I’ve been doing it for my entire adult life, and it still scares me sometimes.

But the other thing I’ve learned in a lifetime of activism is that activism rarely (but sadly, not never) involves openly confronting Nazis. What it usually entails is confronting ignorance, complacency and a certain “who cares, I’ve got mine” attitude.

Like all activism, the bulk of the work is going to be in education. I genuinely believe that the majority of people in the SCA – probably the vast majority – are good people who are horrified at the notion that awful things are happening and that bad actors are among us and that people are feeling unsafe as a consequence. I think that many people simply assume that the SCA has a reasonable structure in place for dealing with problems and therefore they don’t need to worry about it… and that because that structure is in place no news is good news.

Well, unfortunately, that’s not the case.  The structure is built around either glad-handling or an orbital strike by the BoD.  There really is no middle ground, and because of that there’s an active disincentive to bump problems up the chain. When there’s no news, that means things either aren’t being addressed at all, or they’re being buried.

No news isn’t good news. No news is people quitting the SCA in frustration because there’s been no movement on important issues. No news is a person of colour drifting away from the group because no one called out a racist remark or an LGBTQ person who’s had to swallow their anger and shame over being called a homophobic slur. No news is a sexual assault victim afraid to come forward because the “process in place” is to either file charges or sit down with the person who assaulted them and talk it out.

We need to fix the structures that are broken. We need to put functional structures in place. And we need, above all, to work together to fill the gaps in the structure on all levels.  We need to make a Society where everyone is safe.  Let’s turn the conversation towards that.

A Reply to Baroness Franca Donato


Over the weekend, a member of the Board of Directors wrote a blog post in the form of an open letter to me, rebutting my most recent blog post Power, Justice and Safety in the SCA on an almost point-by-point basis. To her credit, Baroness Franca Donato contacted me ahead of time for permission to extensively quote from my blog as per my posted rules, which is a gesture of respect and courtesy which I greatly appreciated. Her post was exhaustively researched, politely written and as I said when I updated my blog post to include it yesterday, an invaluable addition to the ongoing discussion that is raging in the SCA; having a member of the BoD go on record with what the BoD can and can’t do was extremely educational.

A number of people have been vocally offended by Baroness Franca’s post on my behalf. My response to that is to simply state that I am not offended because people are allowed to tell me I’m wrong. I hit the BoD pretty hard in that post; a response is certainly within their rights and not entirely unexpected. (And bluntly, since this roller-coaster ride started I’ve gotten half a dozen anonymous threats by enraged alt-righters; a respectfully-written open letter from a Director is a stroll in a park on a summer’s day in comparison.) I also think we need to have some compassion for the Directors themselves – I’d imagine that they’re being inundated by flood of demands, complaints, and criticisms at the moment and I have no doubt that’s an uncomfortable and at times frustrating situation to be in. While I clearly don’t agree with Her Excellency’s conclusions, there’s no need for anyone to be upset on my behalf; I encourage everyone to carefully read her post and, if you still feel the need to debate it, to do so strictly on its arguments and not in an unnecessary defense of me personally.

I also want to say that I’m not going to rebut her rebuttal in a point-by-point manner, because then she may feel the need to rebut my rebuttal of that rebuttal and anyone who’s been on the internet for longer than ten minutes knows that’s a quick trip down a hall of mirrors.

But I do want to address a couple of concerns that leapt out at me when I read it. Primarily, her contention that the BoD is neither able nor equipped to address serious concerns and that those need to be resolved at the local or kingdom level between the persons effected; the Board of Directors is intended as the ultimate appeal when local structures of grievance have failed to resolve an issue. That’s as may be and I can’t refute her extensive explanation of how those grievance structures are supposed to work but my original point, which I believe still stands, is that I (and many others) have no confidence in that system. Throwing it back to the Kingdoms does little good, because clearly the Kingdoms aren’t always handling it well… or even properly.

One of the unforeseen side-effects of publishing Confronting Racism in the SCA is that people have been sending me their stories of injustice in the Society for Creative Anachronism. I have, in the past eleven days, received dozens of these stories. Dozens. Stories of racism. Of homophobia. Of rape. Some of those stories have been shared publicly (and to my distress some of those people have suffered further repercussions because of it.) Most have come to me in confidence. And every one of those stories has included a variant of the statement “I brought this to my Kingdom officers and nothing was done.” It has been heartbreaking and exhausting and on a couple of occasions literally nauseating. I’m not even sure why people are sharing them with me, except that it makes them feel less alone. And so I read them, or listen to them because I owe it to the person who has sent me their story not to leave them alone out there with it. I will not deny that I’ve become emotionally effected by this… nor can I apologize for it. So when I write that people have no confidence that the Society can provide justice or a safe space, that’s where I’m coming from. I stand by that statement because it is so heartrendingly self-evident.

I’m not disputing that there are are processes of formal complaint in place within the Society, I’m saying those processes are broken. If they weren’t broken, people would have confidence in them. What processes exist are cumbersome, or inaccessible, or opaque, or all three.

The other concern with Her Excellency’s post that I feel the need to address is the suggestion (reinforced by an earlier post on her blog) that social media should not be used as a forum for important discussions within the SCA. Well, respectfully… that ship has sailed. I agree that social media is often an imperfect vehicle for discussion, but it’s the vehicle we’ve got and suggesting we abandon it is merely wishful thinking. Social media is now so intrinsically interwoven into the very structure of the Society that I can’t even imagine how the old-timers managed the SCA without it, both good and bad. The discussions of our community are occurring on Facebook and YouTube and Twitter and on blog posts because this is where the Society exists.

Related to that concern is the implication (made several times throughout her post) that without being directly involved in a situation we should not be commenting on it because that does more harm than good. We need, she says, to keep our “boots on the ground” in our own Kingdoms. I’m afraid that doesn’t work, either… and skirts perilously close to censorship. The advent of social media has erased the boundaries of distance in the Society; our community is no longer confined to events and weekly practices and photocopied newsletters (if it ever was.) We are no longer a collection of scattered groups. We are a city’s worth of people no farther away from each other than the phones in our pockets. It is now possible to be connected to the SCA’s community constantly, in real time, and in its entirety… with all the advantages and disadvantages that implies. We can rejoice in that fact or lament it, or do both by turns, but it’s simply not a fact we can deny.

A racism crisis in Caid is no longer a crisis just in Caid, nor is the controversy in Trimaris limited to the boundaries of that kingdom. We are all of us involved. If there’s concern that people are interjecting uninformed opinions into a volatile situation… well, yes, I’ll concede that’s a very valid thing to be worried about. But the answer to that is more information, more transparency, not less… and the answer certainly isn’t to tell people to stay in their own lane and not get involved. Indeed, I’m beginning to wonder if the elimination of geographic distance caused by social media is why so many people – myself included – sometimes hold the BoD up as the Ultimate Arbiter of All Things SCAdian… even when it isn’t, and can’t be.

That’s as far as I want to go with any rebuttal to Baroness Franca’s post, because I don’t want to spend the rest of my life re-hashing the same arguments over and over again. She made some very valid points and I’ve been thinking about them and will continue to do so. I’m quite sure that she’s thinking about the things that I write… and so we progress. We might be progressing like Luther’s drunken peasant, but we progress all the same.

If there’s a silver lining to this whole situation, it’s that a necessary discussion is occurring. If the discussion has become impassioned, then I think it’s that’s a reflection of the value of both the discussion itself and its importance to the future of the Society. There have been a number of excellent contributions to the discussion on all sides, many of which I’ve linked to in earlier posts. In concluding today’s post, I wanted to link to Master Cormac Mór’s outstanding blog post Hate Speech: Perceptions and Responses in the SCA, in which he presents a rubric of four positions within any given controversy in the Society. It’s too long – and far too insightful – to do any justice to in a short summary, but I urge each and every SCAdian to read it and to remember the conclusion he comes to — “There is room in our game for opposing viewpoints, and even vehement disagreement. But there can be no place in this game for hate.

Baroness Franca Donato has done me the very great honour of taking my concerns seriously and responding to them honestly and respectfully. That I she and I do not necessarily agree on all points is not a problem; indeed, her post has actually been one of the brighter points in a very rough week. Where all participants in a debate are acting in good faith, a discussion openly embraced and respectfully conducted is always the best method for resolving our differences. I urge everyone who cares about the SCA and its future to think about ways in which we can move forward, to address the injustices in our midst, and to prevent future injustices. I know I will be thinking quite hard about it… and probably writing about it, too.


Lord Fulk Beauxarmes,
Kingdom of Ealdormere



Power, Justice and Safety in the SCA


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It’s been more than a week since the Trimaris Controversy blew up down at Pennsic, and a week since my post Confronting Racism in the SCA went surprise-viral on me, and I’m still dealing with the fallout. Most of the personal fallout came from a single line in the post regarding the bad behavior of an Ealdormerean Peer, specifically my allegation that their bigoted attitudes were an “open secret” in this Kingdom, and since I covered that discussion in a follow-up post, I’m not going to re-hash it again… except to say that the vehemence of the denials, the number of comments regarding my personal honesty and integrity, and the rank of many of those who have made those statements, have left me more than a little afraid about my future in the Society.

It’s been a rough week. A few days ago, I mentioned my apprehension on my Facebook page and got a lot of supportive comments from friends, which of course I appreciated. Another friend, in conversation, managed to put things a bit more into perspective – yes, people are upset, but remember how upset they were in the kingdom web-minister had to change the privacy settings on the Facebook groups? (The answer, for those unfamiliar with the SCA, is “surprisingly so.”) Another friend of mine, the current Baron of Septentria, commented that he didn’t think I’d made people angry, just uncomfortable and reflective; I’d forced them to think. Many people commented that they’ve been reexamining their experiences in the SCA to see if they’d “missed something” or ignored something they shouldn’t have. A couple of people told me that they’d been motivated to actually address some problematic behaviour displayed by others that they might previously have let pass.

And you know what? As a writer, being told that making people think, that they have to re-examine their assumptions and their behaviour… that’s probably the highest accolade I can receive.


But while I’ve been praised for “courage” and “integrity” and for “bringing an important issue to light”… I’ve also spent a week wondering when the hammer is going to fall. Think about that: I did something that people praised me for and that I felt needed to be done and I’ve been waiting for the punishment ever since.

I didn’t really understand why I felt that way, until I ran across an excellent bit of writing by Master Justin du Coeur; he published an open letter to the Board of Directors titled “Do the Society’s Policies Have Teeth?” that contained a statement which hit me like a punch to the gut: “I have friends who are on the edge of quitting, some because of being disgusted with the Society’s willingness to tolerate such monstrosity, and some because they no longer feel safe within the SCA. Even here in areas where we aren’t currently feeling those effects personally, there is some sense that that’s local-cultural luck, not any sort of justice coming from the Society.

Boom. That’s where my apprehension is coming from: I don’t have any confidence that the SCA will provide any sort of justice. I don’t have the confidence that the SCA can provide any sort of justice. I have no confidence that the SCA is a safe space for me… or for any of us.

I might be punished for causing a stir. I probably won’t be punished, or at least not officially, anyway: I probably don’t have to worry about being R&D’d or even the subject of a court banishment. But do I have to worry about being blacklisted? Do I have to worry that certain awards and accolades will be denied because of the personal enmity of influential players? Do I have to worry that someone might have a “calibration error” while we’re both in armour? And if any of those things happened… what could I do about it?

I wrote the above paragraph knowing – knowing – that many of the people who were angry about my previous blog posts making “irresponsible” and “unfounded” allegations (“spraying blame like a hose” was one memorable phrase) will be doubly angry about what I have just written, accusing me of “fear mongering” and “witch hunts” and so forth… but these are the fears I have. These are the fears of the powerless. I worry that I will be treated unjustly because I have seen precious little justice done in our Society.

I have no Peer whose influence protects me; I am not a squire or a protege or an apprentice. Neither have I any confidence that the rules of the Society – the law of our make-believe world – will protect me.

I’m not writing that to impugn any individual’s honour, honesty or commitment to the SCA. (Ealdormere has a kingdom officer – a Lawspeaker – whose job it is to see that justice is done in our Kingdom and who is given sweet fuck-all in terms of authority to enforce it, and I’ve watched more than one Lawspeaker run themselves ragged trying anyway.) There are many good people who have given literal decades of their time and dedication to building the SCA; I know, I’m one of them. But I am saying, as others are saying, that there’s a huge goddamn flaw built into the system and it is this: There is no impartial standard of justice I can trust because I can’t see any impartial standards being enforced.

Let’s leave aside my fretting over my personal fate (face it, the status and prospects of a minor player in a single Kingdom aren’t going to make or break this game.) But what about the bigger issues of our Society? How do we justly address those? The current Trimaris controversy… we have a situation where there is some pretty egregious misconduct going on – a King who openly flaunts both tradition and corpora by, among other things, making the populace pray during court; who elevates a known racist to a peerage over the objections of the Peers; who openly insults his own populace; and whose “apology” for all of the above skirted the line of trolling. And yes, people are being encouraged to go to the BoD to complain… but then what? Nobody involved the Caid Swaztika incident was R&D; the King and Queen who showed such abysmally bad judgment stepped down voluntarily, I can find no record of any imposed punishment.

And what about the growing resistance to the SCA’s recently updated mission statement, which explicitly states the Society is “focused on Western Europe and its cultural contacts,” thus implicitly excluding non-European cultures? (This isn’t a theoretical issue – a so-called “European focus” is actively being used as a wedge by some alt-right groups to argue against the inclusion of non-Europeans in LARP, re-enactment and HEMA communities.) How does one go about addressing that issue? Is there even an official framework to protest the decisions of the BoD itself? I’ve been in this game for fifteen years and I’ve been more interested in the administration and legislation of the Society than most… and I don’t even know the answer to that. That’s a problem.

One of the frequent disparagements I hear about the SCA is that it’s “just like high school” and now I think I understand what people mean when they say that – from the perspective of a teenager the world of high school is a heartless tangle of arcane rules, arbitrarily enforced and subject to chance without notice, warning or appeal. In response to this, teenagers form cliques and tribes and even gangs, looking for structure in the face of a world they’re ill-equipped to understand much less defend themselves from. (Although come to think of it, I’ve also just explained why feudalism developed… and ultimately why it failed.)

Master Justin, in his open letter, points out that while the BoD has been making a lot of noise about its new inclusive policies unless those policies are enforced they are useless. And I feel – as many people in the Society seem to feel, that there’s not really a structure in place, or at least that the structure is not being enforced. And because of that, there’s no official method to truly address unacceptable behaviour in the Society. Case in point: I’ve been assured by “people who know” that the Caid Swastika Incident was “addressed behind closed doors.” Well, what the fuck good does that do? Behind closed doors? Justice needs to be done and needs to be seen to be done.

That is why the BoD’s reaction to the Trimaris Controversy needs to be swift, decisive and above all, public.

The other thing that hit me hard – in a week that included a lot of emotional blows, including people sending me far, far too many personal stories alleging racist incidents, homophobia and even sexual assaults that were brought to — and never addressed by — Society officers – were two videos by Master Charles de Bourbon, a Laurel from An Tir. The first video was him openly speculating whether or not, after decades of being involved with the SCA, he could continue in the organization because of the latest in a long line of homophobic incidents and the second was a follow-up and a call to action. They are both longish videos, 12 and 14 minutes respectively, but I urge everyone to watch them. They are painful. They are difficult to watch. They contain statements and experiences and phrases that are heartbreaking, but every SCAdian needs to watch them because they describe the Society as it exists for minorities.

Master Charles is a person who’s been in the Society for decades, who has actively helped grow the SCA, who is a Peer and who presumably wields at least some influence because of it… and he doesn’t feel safe in the SCA. And he’s tired of not feeling safe.

And I understand him entirely. I’m writing this from a position of considerable privilege: I’m a big white guy, I have no disabilities, I even present as “straight.” I’m 6’2”, about 300lbs, I’m familiar with personal violence and a reasonably good hand with a sword… and I’ve had moments in the past few days where I’ve wondered, given the current atmosphere of high emotions, whether it would be physically safe to go to armour up at an event. Think about that. Think about how much more intimidating it would be to someone of colour, or a woman, or even just someone who hasn’t spent a decade learning how to fight with a sword. Over and above the physical fear, and even with the knowledge that I have the respect and support of good people, the unlooked-for miracle of the love of an amazing spouse, I’ve spent much of the last week afraid that I’ve simply written myself out of my own community.

Hell, I’m afraid of publishing this blog post.

When there is no justice, when we have no confidence in the structure of the rules, then the result is fear.  For people of colour, for LGBT people, for marginalized people of every stripe in both society and the Society, for people who just stand up and say “hey, there’s a problem here!” there needs to be confidence that there will be justice done. Where if you report a racist incident, the offender will be subject to the punishment set out in Corpora. Where homophobia isn’t brushed off with the excuse “oh that’s just how so-and-so is.” Where if you’re sexually assaulted by another SCAdian the society will place your safety above the reputation of the organization. And where, if you call out the problems you see, you can be confident that they’ll be addressed and you won’t be punished for it.

The problem isn’t the small minority of bigots or homophobes or sexual predators in the SCA; they’re just the slime mould growing on the real problem. The structure of justice isn’t being enforced from the top and many people are turning a blind eye to the injustices from the bottom. Open secrets, turning a blind eye, assuming someone else will fix the problem, claiming that you’re “not here to be political”, the “missing stair” situation and a dozen other ways we allow these things to happen… however it manifests itself, it’s there. And it’s there because the structure of justice isn’t being enforced.

Mistress Maol Mide ingen Medra, in her SCA blog, posted one of the best breakdowns I’ve ever seen of the divisions within the SCA community when it comes to the challenges we’re facing, titled “On Public Enemies and the Wars Between Us.” To greatly condense her point, She identifies five core groups within the SCA:

  1. The progressives who are saying this is not OK;
  2. The people who are sympathetic but uncomfortable with addressing the problems;
  3. The people who don’t want the problem addressed because it’ll harm the SCA’s image;
  4. The people who just don’t care; and
  5. The people who are actively being shitty.

I’m pretty solidly in Group 1. Groups 2 and 3, Mistress Maol writes, need to understand that the problems are there, they need addressing and behind closed doors won’t do. Group 4 need to get their heads out and refusing to taking a stand is actually taking a stand. Group 5 are scum and you don’t want to be counted in that group even by omission. (I encourage you to read her post – she’s a lot more eloquent than I am.)

During one of the many conversations I’ve had over the past week, I had someone demand to know if I don’t fight the problems why I should expect anyone else to do so. That’s stuck with me, and I think it’s one of the reasons Master Charles’ call to action resounded so deeply. We need to fight, he says, but we need to fight effectively. Just going out and picking fights and yelling at each other isn’t going to be helpful. He calls for a two-tiered approach of “active advocacy”: Yes, we have to contact the BoD and make them hear our concerns… but we also have to address racism and bigotry in our communities. Politely. Productively. But firmly and relentlessly. As I mentioned above, some SCAdians have told me that my writing motivated them to actually address some problematic behaviour, which has definitely been the silver lining of this whole situation for me.

It isn’t enough to be a passive ally anymore, because we’re losing ground; it’s not enough to hold the belief that everyone should have the right to join the SCA, you need to stand up and be seen. How many newbies have seen something objectionable early on in their SCA career, have seen nobody speak against it, and just decide that the SCA isn’t the place for them? Judging from my comment section, too many. (As an aside, I’d like to see a real push to making sure that every SCA group, from canton on up, follow the example of the Barony of Ayreton and publish a statement of inclusivity so that newcomers can have no doubt.)

We’re always going to have bigots and scumbags in our community, okay? I get that. Our community is a reflection of the broader world and right now the bigots and racists and homophobes of the broader world are feeling empowered. But in the real world, you can trust that laws will be enforced, that the system will defend you (if you’re a person of colour or an otherwise visible minority your mileage may vary, but the core assumption is at least theoretically valid.) In the SCA… to be honest, I’m not confident that justice will be done in the SCA as it currently exists. And I know that I’m not the only one who lacks that confidence.

And that is intolerable to me. I hope it’s intolerable to you, too.

If we care about the Society, if we want it to continue… then we have to fix the flaw. We have to make the SCA a place where we can all trust that justice will be done. This is more than just a game – it’s a community, and one I believe is worth defending. We have to stand up whenever we see an injustice and refuse to turn a blind eye because it’s convenient, or because someone’s “important” or even because we’re afraid. We have to enforce and reinforce the structures of justice, all the way up to the Board of Directors. And the BoD needs to step up to the plate and be seen to do justice, because without that leadership there’s no way the SCA can be a safe space for any of us.

Lord Fulk Beauxarmes,
Kingdom of Ealdormere


Update:  This blog post has triggered a robust discussion on my personal facebook page, and I weighed in on it this morning.  I feel that a point I made in that discussion warrants sharing on this blog, too.  It’s been slightly reformatted for clarity and to take advantage of the expanded formatting options:

It is my opinion that the SCA is entering a critical time in its history.  We’re at a time when a lot of the stuff that’s been ignored or allowed to continue on the QT has some to a head. The Trimaris controversy has been the trigger for a lot of this stuff, but it’s ONLY been the trigger. The First World War didn’t happen because Princip shot Archduke Franz Ferdinand, that was just the specific crisis that tipped a balance that had been building for decades. The Trimaris controversy is merely the crisis that has tipped the current balance in the Society. If it hadn’t, something else would have six months or a year from now.

As I wrote above, the SCA need to address the bad actors in our midst and put together and enforce structures (both legislative and cultural) to prevent bad actors from reappearing. There are many who are arguing that the structure can’t be fixed and we should leave. There are others who are insisting that there isn’t a problem at all (insert rude noise of disbelief here) or that airing out these problems publicly will destroy the SCA.

We are at a moment of crisis in the SCA.  Hiding the crisis from public view and from the view of the populace… that’s not going to work. In fact, I believe that it will only exacerbate the crisis. Its problems are happening, and people know it’s happening, and they’re not seeing the governing forces SCA do much about it. And yes, they may be doing something, but the general populace isn’t seeing it so whatever is being done is not helping the situation. However well-intentioned, covering the problems up – which has been the Society’s MO for far too long – will only drive people away.

If the SCA as an organization mishandles the current crisis, I would argue that its days are numbered. Too many people will walk away. Some of us will join (or found) other SCA-like organizations. The SCA will dwindle to being only one of several alternate societies, and within a decade I suspect it will simply die out.

And that would be a shame. In some ways it might be easier to simply hit “reboot” and build a new society with equitable rules and functional structures from day one, but it would mean abandoning fifty years of history in the SCA. There’s countless memories and traditions and the efforts of tens of thousands and I still feel that Plan A should be reforming the SCA.

Update 2:  Dr. Vandy Pacetti-Donelson, who sits on the Board of Directors and plays under the name of Baroness Franca Donato, has written an open letter to me on her blog.   Clearly, she and I aren’t going to agree on everything. But I would like to thank her for taking the time to address a post to me (and for asking permission to use extensive excerpts from my post), because  I think having a BoD member’s input on this issue — and especially an explanation of what the BoD can and can’t do — is invaluable to the ongoing discussion.

Confronting Racism in the SCA, Part II


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So… I’m beginning to freak out a bit. My original post Confronting Racism in the SCA is finally slowing down a bit – it’s only getting a few dozen views per hour, rather than hundreds or thousands. For comparison, posts on this blog have historically gotten one or two hundred views… and not per hour. Total. At first I was thrilled and excited that something I wrote was getting this much traction… and then people in Ealdormere started to focus on a single line in the post, where I claimed that “There’s at least one Peer in this Kingdom whose real-life bigotry is an open secret.

People in this Kingdom are very upset about that statement. I’ve had people tell me to take the post down entirely, or to edit out that line (although twenty-five thousand views and a raucous discussion on our Kingdom Facebook page has pretty much eliminated that as an option – it’s out there already.)  I’ve had several people – and some of them are people I profoundly respect — demand that I publicly accuse the person because otherwise I’m just spreading unfounded allegations and rumours. The phrase “witch hunt” got used on a Kingdom forum this morning for the first time.

I’ve also had a couple of Peers contact me directly and – in varying degrees of distress – demand to know if they were the person I mentioned. And of course, they weren’t: I’ve had my share of disagreements with people in the SCA over the years, and likely will again, so for the record let me state this:  Disagreeing with me is not bigotry. Holding Conservative political opinions is not bigotry. Voting for Doug Ford or even Donald Trump is not necessarily bigotry (although given some of their supporters I personally consider it a warning sign.)

Honestly holding political opinions or religious beliefs or even just plain being an abrasive asshole doesn’t make you a bigot, which is good because I have definitely met all those criteria at one time or another.

Despite the frequency which it’s appeared on this blog recently, bigot is not a word I throw around lightly.

Implying that all Muslims are terrorists is bigotry. Claiming that LGBTQ people are undermining our values is bigotry. Stating that we can’t afford to allow Middle Eastern refugees into our country because they’ll change the European character of our nation (whatever the hell that means) is bigotry. Rejoicing in the death of migrants or the caging of children is bigotry. Making jokes about gas chambers and denying the Holocaust is bigotry.

And I’ve seen examples of each and every one of those by various people who come out to SCA events and yes, some of them are Peers. Our Society is not as perfect as people would like to think.

But even in light of that, I need to state unequivocally that I never intended to create a “witch hunt” atmosphere or to spread discord and distrust. I despise vicious rumours and gossip, and I hate the corrosive effects of those things within a community. My intention in mentioning a specific situation in my own Kingdom, however obliquely, was to encourage people to examine attitudes and situations that I damned well know exist in this Kingdom, and I have no doubt in every Kingdom of the SCA.

I have not publicly named the person I referred to in my blog post, nor will I, for three reasons:

First, and very frankly: I have no proof of the situation them beyond my own experiences and the hearsay of others and I really don’t need to be sued for libel or defamation. (Don’t scoff: I have friends who were sued for just that in a similar situation — and because names were named, they lost.) As an amateur blogger, I don’t have a big corporate law-firm backing me up, and I don’t have pockets deep enough to cover the legal costs.

Second, that situation was four or five years ago, so I don’t feel that it can be addressed in a fair or equitable manner without evidence now. And certainly not publicly. As I noted above, I mentioned the issue in the blog post as a way to demonstrate that even in our own kingdoms these are issues which occur, that they’re not isolated to Trimaris or Caid.

And third – and this is a biggie – the completely unexpected popularity of that blog post has actually kind of frightened me. If I go out and say “So-and-so made a number of hateful statements on their Facebook page about immigrants and LGBTQ people” will I end up triggering a mob? Will we see a witch hunt? That kind of thing would no good for the community or anyone in it – and it certainly wouldn’t be a teachable moment for the person who I was thinking about when I wrote those words.

Perhaps that makes me a hypocrite, especially since I wrote the blog post as a deliberate call to action. A number of people have certainly said so and I’m honest enough to admit they may be right.  I’m also the first to admit that I should have handled that situation better, instead of just cutting the offender out of my social life and blocking them on Facebook. In fact, I think it’s fair to say that I deeply regret how I handled things — turning up my nose and walking away doesn’t help the community. Maybe I could have reached that person, maybe I could have taught them something. Maybe.

So how should I have handled that situation?

With the benefit of hindsight and a lot of thought… I should have contacted them privately and said “Not cool: This behaviour is hateful and a problem and this is why.  I think you need to reevaluate it.”

And you know what? Probably I would have been laughed at. Or been told to fuck off. Or been told – as the current King of Trimaris is claiming regarding the controversy there – that it was “just a joke” and had my concerns dismissed.

And had that happened… then I should have gone to a Kingdom Officer, perhaps the lawspeaker, or even the Crown and privately told them my concerns.

And if nothing came of that, if the behaviour continued… then I should have contacted the BoD.

And if nothing came of that… then maybe I should have done what Don Davius has done and made a public stand.

What I should not have done is exactly what I did – walk away and do nothing beyond closing the channel of communication with that person in disgust.

As my wife has pointed out to me, sometimes in the moment you make mistakes and only later you realize what you should have done. All you can do then is make plans for the next one, to do it better. It’s not being a hypocrite, she says, but learning from your mistakes.

I won’t be walking away the next time this happens, nor the time after that.

Which brings us back around to the current issue, which is that people are upset I made this allegation in a public forum. Several people have contacted me demanding to know who I was talking about. Several more people have contacted me and said “you’re talking about so-and-so, aren’t you?” (and the worst part of that isn’t that they guessed right, it’s that they guessed wrong based on their own experiences with other Peers or nobles in this Kingdom.)

And a lot of people have apparently decided to dismiss the problem. The King of Ealdormere himself declared on the Kingdom’s official Facebook page that he did not know “of any peer within our Kingdom who is openly bigoted.” Another person replied to that “Agreed, but now we all have the shadow of bigot over us.” Implying, as I saw it, that having the subject raised was the problem… and I thought to myself, with a definite flare of temper, “now?”

Now we have the shadow of a bigot over us? Only now? I have terrible news for everyone: we’ve always had the shadow of bigots over us in the SCA. One of the side effects of that viral post is that I’ve had dozens of people share their stories of being exposed to homophobia and racism and misogyny in the Society. Some of them publicly, some of them privately. Since I wrote “Confronting Racism in the SCA” I’ve been inundated with stories of antisemitism, homophobia, misogyny and racism and it has been exhausting and emotionally devastating.

I’m an openly LGBTQ person in a medieval reenactment community. Let me tell you something: The shadow is there. It has always been there. I have the expectation, from bitter experience, that it always will be there. How fortunate for those who haven’t needed to see it for so long.

And I’m going to be honest, I have a hard time believing that anyone who’s been in the SCA long enough to become a Peer has never been aware of problematic behaviour. But of course, in the words of John Heywood, “There are none so blind as those who will not see”… or to modern it up (and as I’ve repeatedly stated): SCAdians will tolerate almost any level of injustice and unfairness in order to preserve their hobby.

I’m sorry if saying we have problematic behavior in the SCA – in our own Kingdom — makes people uncomfortable or upset. It is upsetting. It should be upsetting: we don’t want to have people among us who are bigots. We don’t want to realize that our neighbours and friends and colleagues have had to deal with this. I rather suspect that half the upset in Ealdormere over my post is that people – genuinely good people – know they’ve let shit slide that should have been dealt with.

I know I have. I’m not proud of it.

Sigh. And now I’m back to being exhausted. Maybe we can’t go back and confront specific people in the past who we should have confronted. Maybe we should let the past be the past, give everyone a mulligan and move forward… but only, only as long as we commit to challenging problem behaviour in the future.

The Society for Creative Anachronism, as I wrote over the weekend, can be a beautiful, profoundly supportive place. It can be a place of romance, of chivalry, and even of magic. I truly believe the Society ought to be a place for everyone of good intent. Having a tiny minority of people involved who hold and spread hateful, prejudiced views shouldn’t be allowed to darken that reality… but neither should we ignore their existence among us.  We need to confront them, however frightening or exhausting or even futile it might appear… and even if we’ve failed to do so in the past.

I think that’s why I have so much respect for the stand that Don Davius has taken.  He is succeeding where I failed.  I can only hope — for my sake, and his, and all of ours — that I will have the courage to follow his example the next time I’m called upon to do so.


Lord Fulk Beauxarmes
Kingdom of Ealdormere

Why I’m in the Society for Creative Anachronism


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On Friday of last week, in response to what is now being called the Trimaris Controversy, I wrote a blog post titled Confronting Racism in the SCA. It went viral, in a very big way, getting more than ten thousand views in under twenty-four hours. As of Sunday evening while I write this, the post has received just over twenty thousand views from thirteen thousand unique visitors to this blog, and the post has been shared on Facebook more than five thousand times. I’m completely stunned by this reception to my writing and I can only be grateful people feel that I had something to contribute to the conversation… and that they thought I was articulate while I did it.

Sadly, though, my post got a number of reactions, both here on the blog and on Facebook, where people shared their experiences with racism in the SCA. I’m not sad that they shared their experiences – quite the contrary, in fact, such things need to be brought to light – but it grieves me that folks have had these experiences in the first place. There were also a number of comments along the lines of “I used to play in the SCA, but no more and never again” which is also an unhappy thing to read.

It also got some hostile and abusive responses, although given the sheer number of people who read that post, they were a vanishingly small percentage and only a handful of those were actual threats.  As per the commenting rules posted here, those comments were not approved. (I have screen-capped and saved some of the choicer ones, in case I want to publicly mock some of them in the future. Also, I think some alt-right asshole with a Maryland IP address questioned my chivalry and challenged me to a duel with live steel weapons… which I’m not entirely sure qualifies as a threat but it was a first for me, I have to admit.)

In my previous post, I said that quitting the SCA was not an option, that we must not surrender the Society to bigots. That’s a strong statement and I stand by it. But I also have to say, after reading some of the horror stories of racism and antisemitism and homophobia that people have suffered, if you’ve had to step back from the SCA or move on because of what you faced… well, I respect that decision and I support it.  You have to take care of yourself, and I don’t want anyone to think that I’d ever condemn that decision. I can only express my profound regret and shame that people were forced to choose between their safety and well-being and membership in this community; no one should ever have to make that choice, and the fact that people have been placed in that situation is a stain upon the honour of the Society.

Having read these horror stories, and looking at the responses and especially the declarations that “I won’t go back”… I want to write a different kind of post tonight. Not to minimize or erase the negative experiences of people of colour or LGBTQ people or the differently-abled, but to remind everyone that the SCA is not an organization where these events are the norm, nor even common. Of the tens or even hundreds of thousands of people in the SCA worldwide, the vast majority are as horrified as I am over the events in Trimaris, and in Caid, and every time someone is made a victim of bigotry in the Society. The SCA should be a safe place for everyone to enjoy. It has failed in that at times, I acknowledge it. We have failed in that at times.  But a new person looking at the SCA and seeing these stories of bad behaviour could deduce that the SCA isn’t someplace they want to be, and that there’s nothing more to the story.

So I decided to write a post about the positive experiences I’ve had in the SCA since I started playing about fifteen years ago, because we are not the sum of the handful of bigots and racists in our midst.

Over and above everything, of course, is meeting my wife. I started in the SCA in the Shire of Trinovantia Nova during a rough and lonely time in my life, but after a few years I’d moved to the Canton of Petrea Thule to go back to school and finish my degree. One great thing about the SCA is, if you move to a new town, chances are that there’s a local group, which means you can just start going out to meetings and you’ll slot right into a ready-made social network.

I started going out to Petrea Thule meetings and in very short order got to know a number of great and genuinely helpful people. When I had a housing crisis (apparently asking your roommates not to use “gay” as a pejorative term is grounds for eviction) I was offered the lease someone’s basement apartment. When I wanted to start heavy fighting, people surprised me not only with loaner armour, but with gifts of armour parts they’d made themselves. Food, gifts, garb, help with sewing and cooking all of the above… one gentleman, who is now a Knight, took it upon himself to teach me the basics of how to fight – and not just in SCA-style “put him in a helmet and let him figure it out” way I’d “learned” in Trinovantia, but with genuine lessons involving footwork and body mechanics and so on. In fact, it was he, after a frustrating round of watching me trip over my own feet, who suggested that I should attend an upcoming medieval dancing workshop in order to learn “right” from “left”.

The person teaching the dancing workshop was the person who eventually became my wife.

That, by the way, is not the story my wife tells about meeting me; she remembers the workshop and supposes I was there, but she claims the first time she noticed me was at Trillium War the next summer. A bunch of us spent the evening around a campfire getting tanked on free mead and I impressed her with my word-perfect recitations of old Firefly episodes. A couple of months later she gave me a massage after I messed up my back washing dishes at an event and I finally took the plunge and asked her out. Despite a first date that featured an apologetic lecture about how she wasn’t looking for a relationship right now, we’ve been together for a decade and we were married in a civil ceremony five years ago (athough not an SCA-themed ceremony; we saved the SCA stuff for our honeymoon.)

Another incredibly moving memory was Ealdormere’s first Queen’s Prize Tourney, which I wrote about on this blog at the time, and which remains one of my personal favourite SCA posts I’ve ever done. I’ll never forget the court at that event after hours of arts and sciences fellowship, with the assembled populace singing their hearts out while Queen Adrielle wept tears of joy on the throne. I honestly believe that first QPT was the catalyst for a renaissance (to use a non-period term) for the Arts and Sciences in this kingdom.

As for the fighting… there are a lot of positive experiences around that. There’s a line in Peter S. Beagle’s fantasy novel The Folk of the Air where a fencing master opined that chivalry is a dead art “…like lute music. As unnatural to the animal as opera or ballet, and yet nobody who puts on even cardboard armor can quite escape it” and I understand exactly what that means. I get some good-natured ribbing about my own armour, which is late 14th century transitional steel plate. My personal guideline for armour is that I have to be able to fight in the Combat of the Thirty at Pennsic (although haven’t done so… or at least not yet.) My harness is heavy — around 20 kilos – and it’s frankly overkill for SCA rattan fighting. But I love the way it connects me to the past; the feeling of knowing that I’m wearing the same kit that men wore on the battlefields of Poitiers or Brignais or Nájera; I enjoy the pride of display and the bravura of my historically accurate representarion. There are those in the SCA who fight in the bare minimum required armour, relying on speed and agility and – frankly – their willingness to live with enormous bruises. I am not one of those; I take profound pleasure in having a suit of real armour… although the next time I buy some, it’s going to be stainless steel because I’m getting genuinely sick of polishing away rust.

One of the most amazing fighting experiences I’ve ever had was the first (and so far only) time I fought in Crown Tourney. That entire year was an amazing one for me, not only in the SCA, but in my personal life as well. That was the year we got married, work was going well, I was beginning to earn some repute in SCA circles and my prowess was improving. I spent months getting ready for Crown, improving my kit and my fighting skills, going to practices outside my home region, even going to an out-of-Kingdom event during our honeymoon. The actual experience of fighting in Crown was intense and intensely enlightening, despite the fact that I had no realistic chance of ever winning. And, of course, I blogged about it at the time.

I have amazing memories of fighting in formal Deeds of Arms: my sword-brother Colynes’ Deed of Arms, or the Passo Honroso later that summer, which I organized; these sorts of Deeds are, in my mind, the highest expressions of the knightly ideal of chivalry that we aspire to in the SCA.

I have memories of dancing marvelous petit riens at an event called Step Sprightly, spinning and dancing and switching partners and clowning around until we all laughed ourselves silly and then danced some more.

Or of the Trillium War where it rained so hard Thule camp ended up in an inch of standing water… much to the delight of our camp dog. Being overrun with mud and slugs and having so much fun in company with our friends that we simply didn’t care.

Or working on a Norse-style sand-pit pottery firing as part of someone’s experimental archaeology project at an event, then watching the local blacksmiths crawl around in the still-warm pit afterwards scooping up as much charcoal as they could find.  That’s when we realized why Norse archaeologists only rarely find deposits from this type of pottery firing: the byproduct is very high-quality charcoal and no Norse craftsman would literally leave money in the ground.

My thirty-first birthday party at The Battle of Baron’s Howe, an off-the-grid event on private land very far north. Somehow my wife had smuggled a small cake into camp and lit enough candles on it – the correct number for my age – to make it look like a freaking jet engine. Authorizing in borrowed armour at that event. Baking bread in a wood-fired oven at that event. Watching one of my best friends get put on vigil for the Order of the Laurel at that event in one of the best “gotcha” moments I’ve ever seen.

The singing. Always the singing. Like our cousins in Calontir, Ealdormere has long been known for a rich tradition of music and song. I remember one Twelfth Night celebration where the entire feast-hall sang The Keeper Went Hunting, with its call-and-response refrain “hey down, ho down, derry-derry-down.” I remember songs and poems and histories around innumerable campfires over years and years. Sometimes I listen to recorded versions of those songs on my phone or when I’m driving, but it’s never quite the same.

Friendships. I’ve met more and better people in the Society than I could ever have imagined. It doesn’t matter what they do in their real life, or their religion, even what their politics are. Blue collar or white collar doesn’t matter: I’ve got friends whom I admire who are bus drivers; I’ve got others who are corporate CEOs and when they’re in garb or armour you’d never guess which was which. Rich or poor, retired or working or unemployed. I’ve met a lot of veterans, which is always interesting to me, how many vets gravitate to the SCA. In truth, the Society for Creative Anachronism has brought me into contact with more diverse and interesting people than I’d ever have done otherwise.

And I know I’m not the only one who can tell these stories. Anyone who’s in the SCA has these stories, carries a treasure trove of magical moments, of those fleeting glances of something we once called (and still sometimes call) the Dream.

The stories of racism, and sexism, of anti-semitism and homophobia in the Society… they break the heart. And they should: They wouldn’t hurt so much if we didn’t love this community; they wouldn’t be so awful if they weren’t betrayals of the ideals we hold dear.  I’ve seen so many comments along the lines of “this is why I left and won’t come back,” or “I was thinking of coming out again and read this and now I won’t” or even those people on my comment feeds saying leave the SCA and come to the Adrian Empire or the Empire of Medieval Pursuits or Amtgard or Dagorhir or whatever… as though those groups aren’t facing or won’t someday face exactly the same challenges the Society is facing now.

Yes, the SCA has its problems. It is, as one commenter on the previous post noted, “a human endeavor made up of humans, so it’s kind of flawed from the get.” Some of the SCA’s problems stem from pathway dependence bias – that is, people just started doing something a certain way and eventually things just get done that way because the way they’ve always been done. Some of the problems stem from the fact that the SCA is more than fifty years old, and behaviours that were acceptable – or at least ignorable — a generation or two ago are no longer being allowed to pass (we are, I suspect, starting our community’s #metoo moment right now.) And the worst of the problems stem from people in the SCA turning a blind eye to, or covering up the problems because doing so might cause bad publicity, or cause trouble with the brass hats, or because they simply hope someone else will solve it.

The SCA has its flaws, and it’s greatest flaw is that SCAdians will tolerate any level of injustice and unfairness in order to preserve their hobby.

Well, that’s not good enough anymore: If you love the Society, if you believe in the Dream… then you have to stand up and make sure that everyone has the chance – and the right – to experience it without being made to feel unsafe or unwanted. If someone jeopardizes that safety through hate, intolerance and mean-spirited bigotry, as the current King of Trimaris and a small but vocal cabal of racist supporters have done and are still doing, then they’re betraying the Dream itself and they aren’t welcome among us.

But the purpose of this post wasn’t to call people to action… or at least not directly. It was to remind people – and maybe especially myself – what’s at stake. It’s been a rough weekend for some of us. Clearly it’s been a rough few years for far too many others. I encourage people to take a moment and remember, and to share your stories and memories of what the SCA can be and should be and almost, almost is… and why the SCA is worth fighting for.

Lord Fulk Beauxarmes,
Kingdom of Ealdormere

Confronting Racism in the SCA



It’s Pennsic War time again, and once again I am not there. This summer I certainly have the time to go to Pennsic, but I can’t justify spending the money, given that I’m still looking for work. In any case, with no local practices running, I’ve spent the bulk of my SCA time this summer working on refitting my armor and getting back into shape.

And given the news from Pennsic this morning, I’m probably happy not being there.

Rather like the now-infamous Caid Swaztika Incident I wrote about a few months ago, there’s a tempest brewing over an allegedly racist incident by an SCA royal, and it’s spreading quickly through the huge gathering of SCAdians and spilling out onto social media. The first indication I saw of this was a peer of Ealdormere, a friend of mine, who shared an image with the hashtag #IStandWithDavius but without any context. I’ve done some digging this morning, including an FB messenger conversation with my friend, and found out some – but I suspect not all – of the story.

What I know currently is complicated, so bear with me while I sum up:

First, the King of Trimaris has been accused of being racist based on some of his public and social-media statements. I took a quick look at his Facebook page when someone provided his mundane name to me and yes, I’d have to agree with that perception.  He’s clearly anti-left, he shows a lot of alt-right memes on his FB page and he is skimming the borderline of white supremacy, homophobia and especially transphobia… which is, of course, about par for the course for a hard-right-leaning American in this, the Trump era. The thing is… those are just his public posts; I have no way of knowing what he’s saying privately, but I based on his public posts I would not be surprised if the accusation of racism has merit.  There’s a definite trend towards a person who, based on others I’ve met who also display that sort of content, is not going to be invited to my place for tea and scones anytime soon. (And yes, yes, yes he has the right to hold whatever political opinions he wants however odious I might personally find them; can we skip yet another “you libtards are just as intolerant, etc.” discussion and keep going, please?)

Second, the King of Trimaris has decided, over the concerted opposition of the Peerage orders of Trimaris, to appoint an openly racist friend of his to the Order of Defence. There are allegations that he’s publicly stated he’s doing so specifically to piss off the membership of that Order; I have not been able to ascertain the truth of that statement (although if this allegation is true it wouldn’t be the first time a royal has done something just to stick it to someone, and probably won’t be the last.)  The elevation of the gentleman in question occurred this week at Pennsic – and tellingly, the ceremony was held in a private camp, not in open court.

Third, Davius St. Jacques, a well-respected Master of the Order of Defense and – importantly  – a person of colour who feels effected by the alleged racism, has surrendered the regalia of his office to the heirs of Trimaris and refuses to use the title of Master in protest of said elevation. He then issued the following public statement on Facebook:
“Let all who see these words know their Highnesses have accepted my Collar and White Scarf back. My Crown has shown me that their oatha of protection and fealty mean nothing to them and i can not in good conscience wear the trappings of an office they do not wish me or mine to perform. Know however, that the trappings of the office maketh not the man. A person can be given the right to wear the items of an order but it doesnt make one worthy of the order …. and neither does NOT wearing the trappings keep one from proving they ARE worthy… I plan to put all my effort into proving this. So if you see me, please take note that Don is the proper term of address for a member of the Order of the Golden Rapier which is the only Rapier Award i hold independent of the Kingdom of Trimaris. I love you guys , but this is a thing i feel o need to do. I can not serve a Crown that has broken its oaths to me. I WILL not bring glory to a Throne that openly mocks my Order and denigrates my service. Words by Davius Saint Jacques [All spelling and grammar is as per the original]

Much of the social media tempest this morning is focused around Davius’ decision and public stance, and I feel that I need to weigh in: I do not know Don Davius, although I have heard of him and respect his reputation. People that I do know and respect hold him in very high regard and have made public statements of support for him. From the outside looking in – I would also like to make a statement:

It is clear that Don Davius feels strongly about this and has made a stand of principle that I both respect and support. It cannot have been an easy decision for him to make and in taking this action he has upheld both the ideals of the Order of Defence and his personal honour; indeed, I feel that he has given the Order of Defence an important precedent to live up to – the defence not only of personal honour but the honour of the Society as a whole. I salute Don Davius’ integrity and hope I will someday have the opportunity to tell him so personally, right before I buy him a glass of whatever he’s drinking at the time.

Now, you might be asking yourself, Why does this matter? Or: I don’t play in the SCA. Or: I don’t play in Trimaris. Or: I don’t involve myself in politics when I play.

It matters. I know there are those who are trying to dismiss this as a “perfect storm” of stuff that we’d normally tolerate: the BoD has just updated the social media and hate speech policies; the SCA is a monument to Sayre’s Law; this is happening at Pennsic, which is The Big Event in the SCA year… but we can’t just shrug and let it slide. This issue exists in context and we can’t ignore it.

Historical reenactment, even reenactment done as loosely as we do it in the Society for Creative Anachronism, is a part of the broader culture. Yes, it’s a game, but that game attracts attention from outside the reenactment subculture, and some of that attention has been negative. It’s becoming increasingly clear, over the past few years, that medieval reenactment is being deliberately subverted by the racist extreme-right. This trend is addressed in The Public Medievalist’s excellent special series Race, Racism and the Middle Ages, so I’m not going to re-hash it all that much here, but this is an issue that exists and it is a serious problem in the reenactment community… especially if you’re a person of colour, or (like me) a member of the LGBTQ community.

You’re not in Trimaris? You don’t do politics? This is something that is happening across the SCA in whatever kingdom you play in (and in HEMA and other reenactment groups, too). One comment I saw on the Ealdormere Kingdom page was “I am honestly shocked and disgusted that openly racist people are allowed in the SCA” and I had to bite back a pretty scathing reply. The sad thing is that, yes, openly racist people do participate in the SCA, in the same way that openly homophobic people do, or openly misogynistic people do. Even here in Ealdormere… I’ve had some run-ins. There’s at least one Peer in this Kingdom whose real-life bigotry is an open secret. I’ve said it before and I’ll say it again: The SCA has its flaws, and it’s greatest flaw is that SCAdians will tolerate any level of injustice and unfairness in order to preserve their hobby. A lot of people will give the bigots a pass because they’re not doing it openly in the SCA. Refusing to act against bigots because you don’t “do politics” is itself a political stance, and one which I have little respect for.

Another SCA blogger who’s writing I enjoy, Baroness Maol Mide ingen Medra, touched on this issue and the reason we can’t ignore it with her excellent post Tolerating Intolerance: The Trap of SCA Courtesy:

“Is it courtly to allow a member of the SCA to spew hateful rhetoric online and dismiss it simply because “it was online” not “at an event”? Nah. When this happens with a known member of the SCA and they continue to get away with it, they have become a representative of our group online who is being defended by other members of our society.”

Ay, there’s the rub.

When you identify yourself as a member of the SCA on social media – even a normal member, much less the royalty of an entire kingdom – you take on the responsibility of being the face of the organization. If the SCA gets a reputation as a place where racism and bigotry are tolerated, even rewarded, then that’s the end of the organization in the long run. If the current King of Trimaris is presenting a face of racism and intolerance… that’s a problem. If he’s rewarding another of his openly racist friends with a Peerage… that’s a problem. If he’s doing it in clear defiance of the Peerage’s wishes… that’s a problem.

And if one of those Peers feels so strongly about it that he feels he must publicly protest it… that’s not a problem.

I’ve seen a few comments online condemning Don Davius’ action as exacerbating the situation and I simply cannot agree with that interpretation. From the newest newbie to the eldest Duke, we should all be confronting the racists in our midst. We should be doing it in our personal lives, we should be doing it in our professional lives, and we should damned well be doing it in this, our hobby. Yes, the SCA is a game and yes, our Kingdoms and our Peerages and our titles are all make-believe… but they’re also representations of ideals. And ideals matter even in the SCA. No, strike that: Especially in the SCA.

We are consciously trying to make a space where people are welcomed, where we have high ideals and try to live up to them, where we embrace the romantic notion of “The Middle Ages as they Should Have Been.” This is perhaps a strange thing to try and do, or a futile one or even just a silly one… but I’ve never believed that. Despite my disappointments with the Society and its people over the years and despite my own failures, I’ve always believed that it has done me good and is a worthy thing to be involved with, that our goal of creating a better community, however quixotic, is an intrinsically noble one.

I’ve also seen several people online declare that this is the last straw and they’re leaving the Society. I strongly oppose that course of action: If you quit a group over racism, the racists win. We must not surrender the SCA to bigots. What Don Davius has done is the correct action – he has made a public statement, and a grand gesture of resistance… and he has not quit.

The SCA is a reflection of society as a whole, good and bad. We have a responsibility to try and make the Society – and society in general – a better, more inclusive place for all.  We need to send the message, endlessly:  Racism is not acceptable.  Homophobia is not acceptable.  Misogyny is not acceptable.  Bigotry is not welcome here.  It’s not necessarily going to be an easy fight… but it is, I think, a fight worthy of the effort.


Before you comment on this post, read About Me and My Blog for the rules. Given the high pitch of emotion around this issue in the SCA, I’m going to be aggressively enforcing the commenting rules for this one.

Update #2:  Seriously, read the rules of my blog.  Especially #9: I respond rather poorly to insults, attempts at censorship and threats in general so if that’s all you’ve got to contribute, don’t bother. 

All death threats are being recorded and reported.

Update #3: As I deal with the fallout from this post, I’ve published a second part to this essay:  Confronting Racism in the SCA, Part II.